Museums play a very important role in the preservation of Spanish culture, both ancient and modern. They range from the largest art galleries to the smallest municipal and subject-specific museums, and from institutions that are financed wholly from public monies to ones that depend entirely on private funding.
   Museums which are funded from the public purse include the semi-independent trusteegoverned Prado Museum and Queen Sofía Museum; national museums, such as the Museum of Decorative Arts, Madrid, the Museum of Roman Art, Mérida, and the Museum of Ceramics, Valencia, which are controlled directly by the Ministry of Education and Culture (see also Ministry of Culture); national subjectspecific museums which are run by the relevant Ministries, such as Defence (military museums), Industry (geology) and Transport (railway); state museums jointly financed by central government and the autonomous regions; and municipal museums financed by the city councils. These publicly funded museums were major beneficiaries of the arts policy and arts funding arrangements of the 1980s and 1990s, whereby existing buildings were modernized and expanded, and new ones built. The Queen Sofía Museum, for example, was established in the refurbished eighteenth century General Hospital of Madrid, and the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum in the renovated Palace of Villahermosa. A National Anthropological Museum was formed by fusing the National Museums of Ethnology and the Spanish People in the former Modern Art Museum and the Americas Museum was refurbished. An architectural plan was devised for the renovation of state museums: the Institute of Modern Art in Valencia (IVAM) is a prime example of major new projects. As a result of the Law of Patronage passed in 1994, income from private institutions and individuals is playing an increasingly important role in the economies of both older and newer museums. Some of the major public museums are supported by associations of friends, and there are many museums which are largely or wholly financed by private monies. These include museums instituted by foundations, such as the Miró and Tàpies Foundations; by business enterprises, such as the Museum of Contemporary Art, Barcelona, and the Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao; by the church, such as the Cathedral Museum, Burgos; and by individuals, such as the Lázaro Galdiano Museum, Madrid, and the Museo del Barça, Barcelona. Many of these belong to the Spanish Association of Curators, which publishes a journal, the Revista de Museología. As well as the modernization, refurbishment and creation of musem buildings there has been a noticeable expansion in the number of collections, especially local and ethnological ones, and changes in the style of presentation. More rigorous selection of representative pieces and arrangements by theme or chronological development have contributed not just to the aesthetic pleasure of visits, but to the important educational function of museum collections.
   Further reading
   - Wright, P. (1992) "State of the Nation", Museums Journal, June 1992: 25–33 (a very informative and wide-ranging article on the situation in the early 1990s).

Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture. 2013.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Museums —    Museums began in Brussels in the late 18th century when art works from the collection of Charles of Lorraine formed the nucleus of the Musée d Art ancien. With the Musée d Art moderne it forms the Musées royaux des Beaux Arts de Belgique… …   Historical Dictionary of Brussels

  • Museums —    Museums devoted to Gypsy culture operate in Brno, Czech Republic; Pecs, Hungary; and Saintes Maries de la Mer, France, and there is the private Boswell Museum run by Gordon Boswell in Spalding, Lincolnshire, England. Sections are devoted to… …   Historical dictionary of the Gypsies

  • MUSEUMS — In her entry on museums for the 1948 Universal Jewish Encyclopedia the eminent historian of Jewish art Rachel Bernstein Wischnitzer (1885–1989), founding curator of the Jewish Museum in Berlin, cited the origin of collecting and exhibiting of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • museums — Many people have a hobby that involves collecting things, e.g. stamps, postcards or antiques. In the 18th and 19th centuries wealthy people travelled and collected plants, animal skins, historical objects and works of art. They kept their… …   Universalium

  • museums — As important cultural institutions, Chinese museums are managed by the State Bureau of Cultural Relics. Since the first museum appeared in China in 1868, there are currently more than 1,400 museums, most of which have been established since the… …   Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture

  • Museums —    Perhaps the clearest testimony to Austria’s Habsburg past is the country’s museums. Their number alone is strikingly disproportionate to the size of the population. Even more noteworthy is the quality of their holdings, which bear the stamp of …   Historical dictionary of Austria

  • Muséums — Muséum Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Salle d exposition du Muséum Provincial (19 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Museums Australia — Type peak council; central profession body; incorporated association Tax ID No. ABN 83 048 139 955 Registration No. A02074 (Associations Incorporation Act 1991 (Australian Capital Territory)) Founded 6 June 1992 (1992 06 06) (incorporation) …   Wikipedia

  • Museums at Night (UK) — Museums at Night[1] is an annual weekend of late openings, sleepovers and special events taking place in museums, galleries, libraries, archive and heritage sites all over the UK. It is affiliated with the Nuit des Musées programme across… …   Wikipedia

  • Museums Galleries Scotland — Museums Galleries Scotland, until 2008 the Scottish Museums Council, is a membership organisation offering support to museums and galleries throughout Scotland. It has over 350 member organisations, ranging from small local museums to larger… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”